Advanced Morphology Unit for Realtime Analysis (AMURA)
In the Indian scenario, most of the population lives in the rural than the urban areas, hence most people have access to Primary Healthcare Centres (PHCs) only. The PHCs with restricted resources (Microscopes and Scanners) and expertise (Trained pathologists), cannot perform screening for early detection of cancer. Although the patients get referred to a tertiary hospital for incision biopsy, patient trauma caused, and expenditure incurred is high. Cytology being non-invasive, affordable, and accessible will be thus more favourable as an oral cancer screening tool.
Manual cytopathology diagnosis is less accurate and is not used for screening especially for early detection. Our aim with AMURA was to automate the analysis of the H&E stained cytology slides, to develop a more accurate screening method. The system we developed was able to achieve 90% overall accuracy. We achieved a substantial increase in the sensitivity of low stages of cancer (from 25% to 73%) when compared to manual cytology. To further increase the sensitivity in lower grades of cancer, we are currently working with our clinical collaborators to develop a system that enables molecular cytology at point of care. The system developed would be able to do fluorescence imaging by utilizing devices acquired with a fraction of the cost of normal automated fluorescence imaging devices.
Mechatronic systems, Cytology, Oncology, Point-of-Care tools, Machine learning, Image processing
Smart Wearable for Real-time Temperature Monitoring, SpO2 measurement, and Location Tracking for SARS-CoV-2 Asymptomatic Patient
In the existing diagnostic scenario for COVID-19 viral diseases the suspected patient must visit a designated test facility or laboratory to perform viral diagnosis tests that are usually based on antigen detection (antibody-based tests) or nucleic acid amplification (RT-PCR). In the current scenario of the disease spreading in the community, there are only limited tests that are available, and it is most often used only for patients who are symptomatic. Thus, asymptomatic patients as well as primary and secondary contacts of confirmed cases are not tested but advised to follow home isolation. There is no option to monitor their symptoms and to monitor if they are following quarantine as per rules.
Recent reports have revealed reduced levels of blood oxygen saturation in patients suffering from COVID-19. This is observed even in patients who are asymptomatic, a condition known as “silent hypoxia”. Elevated body temperature and decreasing blood oxygen saturation are thus key early indicators of a potential infection. The GPS location can be updated through Mobile Application which is connected to the wearable through Bluetooth.
Non-invasive diagnosis and monitoring, Photoplethysmogram signal analysis, Temperature Sensing, GPS