Digital Integration of Air Traffic Control Regions

Problem Satement

Currently in India, handoff of an aircraft between Flight information regions (FIR) happens by manual coordinating between Air Traffic Controllers. The project aims to make the handoff completely automated between two FIRs.

The automated exchange of flight data contributes to safe and efficient FIR boundary crossing operations. Automated Data exchange would facilitate the reduction or elimination of factors that contribute to operational inefficiencies such as read-back / hear-back errors, missed coordination and flight progress updates. Automated exchange of data would also significantly reduce the amount of manual coordination required by controllers for aircraft to cross FIR boundaries seamlessly.

DIAA Picture 1

Solution approaches

Option (a)

This proposes a communication established between Flight Data Processing System and Radar Data Processing System to perform RADAR handoff based on AIDC message

DIAA Picture 2

Sender System:

  • ADS-B would be used to capture flight radar data and pass it to the system
  • Event Queue, Message Parser and Coordinate Queue would enable processing the ADS-B events and handle traffic from multiple aircrafts at a time.
  • Coordinate processor would determine the AIDC message handoff conditions and trigger AIDC-Message
  • AIDC Producer would generate corresponding AIDC message and send it across the communication channel to the receiver system

Receiver System:

  • AIDC Receiver would process incoming AIDC messages and prepare appropriate acknowledgement to the sending system
  • Message processor would read the incoming AIDC message and initiate “update of flight estimate” & “request for handoff” with receiving RDPS (this is for synthetic and radar track correlation)
  • AIDC to RADAR correlator would enable transforming AIDC message to ASTERIX message which would enable communicating with receiving RDPS system.

Option (b)

This focuses on the condition required for RADAR handoff and directly communicates with RDPS system to perform handoff without involving FDPS system (AIDC)

DIAA Picture 3

Sender System:

  • ADS-B would be used to capture flight radar data and pass it to the system
  • Event Queue, Message Parser and Coordinate Queue would enable processing the ADS-B events and handle traffic from multiple aircrafts at a time.
  • Coordinate processor would determine the RADAR handoff conditions and trigger handoff message when the condition is met
  • RADAR handoff message generator would generate corresponding handoff message and send it across the communication channel to the receiver system

 

Receiver System:

  • Handoff message Receiver would process incoming messages and prepare appropriate acknowledgement to the sending system
  • RDPS adapter would understand incoming message and convert to ASTERIX message which would enable communicating with receiving RDPS system.

People

Sarweshkumar C R

Sarweshkumar C R

Sukriti Poddar

Sukriti Poddar

Tejas Joshi

Tejas Joshi